Cancer that is produced in skin tissues is called Skin Cancer. It is one of the most common cancer types which affects both men and women. The disease affects around one million people each year and this is induced by many causes like prolonged sun exposure, tanning, poor immune systems etc. Read on to get a full sense of this most popular form of cancer and take steps to prevent it.
How does it affect cancer in the skin?
When the skin cells abnormally change and expand, the uncontrollable expansion induces the creation of a mass known as a tumor. Often known as a lesion is this tumor that develops in the skin, and these cancerous growths are malignant in nature, triggering the death of adjacent cells contributing to spontaneous growth. Such cancers migrate through the bloodstream, and also influence other distant organs during advanced skin cancer periods.
Skin cancer types Skin cancer is classified into two groups according to its ability to spread outward. Non-melanoma and melanoma are both forms of skin cancer. Non-melanoma includes in it the form of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
- Melanoma-The disease that involves the melanocytes or the pigment-creating skin cells.
- Basal cell carcinoma-The disease that involves the lower epidermis or the outer skin layer.
- Squamous cell carcinoma-cancer involving the squamous cells or the smooth cells surrounding the surface of the skin.
Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma do not usually spread to other parts of the body while melanoma is a dangerous form of skin cancer that spreads to other parts of the body. The key ratio and most severe type of skin cancer are the varieties of carcinoma with the least part representing the violent melanoma. Have a look at Cosmetic Dermatology near me for more info on this.
Skin Cancer symptoms Skin cancer signs are variations in the skin that require time to heal along with ulcers. Skin discoloration and variations in skin moles can often be observed on occasion. The most common symptom is a thin, bright and light lump of colour, or a solid red lump. Many cancer forms are also marked with rough and scaly areas, or smooth red or brown scaly patches. Often beware of any recent unusual development and in such situations, contact a physician. Though most of the time such growths are painless, at times they can also be painful.
For cases of basal cell carcinoma a smooth circular lump is usually formed on the head, back, or neck with signs of crusting and bleeding with tumor growth. A dense red color layer can be formed in squamous cell carcinoma, coupled with ulcer and bleeding. In cases of melanomas, brown or blackish lesions develop. As a sign of the melanoma being malignant, the lesion shows a shift of appearance, color or shape.